Balsam, Kimberly F.; Rothblum, Esther D.; Beauchaine, Theodore P. (2005). “Victimization Over the Life Span: A Comparison of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Heterosexual Siblings”. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 73 (3): 477–487. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.73.3.477. ISSN 1939-2117. PMID 15982145.
This study found that when comparing lesbian, gay, and bisexual siblings to their same-sex heterosexual siblings, the sexual minority sibling was victimized at a higher rate across each of the types of interpersonal violence, including but not limited to partner violence and both childhood and adult physical and sexual assault.